Country insights: Africa

A helicopter on the helideck, during a crew change on board the Sedco Express, in Luanda Angola A helicopter on the helideck during a crew change on board the Sedco Express, in Luanda, Angola
We project Africa will experience the world’s fastest regional energy demand growth – driven by urbanization, rising populations, and strong GDP growth. Africa will remain a significant exporter of oil & gas.

Here are a few reasons why:
  • In 2035, Africa will have 21% (1.8 Bn) of the world’s population compared to 15% today. The region will also account for 44% of the global increase.
  • Energy demand is projected to grow by 93% between today and 2035, much faster than the global average of 41%. However, African demand will make up just 4% of the global total.
  • Renewables in power generation expand strongly, but from a very small base, as does hydro (+157%). As a result, non-fossil fuels are projected to double their market share from 7% today to 14% in 2035.   
  • Fossil fuels will account for 86% of demand in 2035, with natural gas (+109%), oil (+69%), and coal (+63%) all expanding.
  • Oil remains the dominant fuel (36%)  followed by gas (30%) and coal (21%).
  • CO2 emissions will increase by 76% compared to the global average of 29%. However, energy use per capita will be just 21% of the global average.
  • By sector, ongoing urbanization and electrification means energy demand in power generation will grow the fastest, expanding by 124% and will account for 47% of energy demand in 2035.
  • Energy production will grow by 47% and remains dominated by oil. Oil’s share, however, shrinks from 55% today to 38% in 2035 with natural gas rising to 35%.
  • Africa currently exports a significant amount of its energy production (51%), but growing domestic demand will reduce this ratio to 36% by 2035.
  • The region will remain an important source of global oil and natural gas supply, accounting for 10% of global oil and 9% of natural gas production in 2035.
  • Africa will remains an important exporter of natural gas, responsible for 23% of inter-regional exports in 2035. It will also account for 10% of inter-regional oil exports.  
  • The increase in combined oil and gas production in Africa between today and 2035 is bigger than in any of the BRIC countries.