Review by energy type: Primary energy

World primary energy consumption grew by 0.9% in 2014. This was the slowest growth rate since 1998 other than the decline in the aftermath of the financial crisis

Growth was below average in all regions except North America and Africa. All fuels except nuclear energy grew at below-average rates. Oil remains the world’s dominant fuel, Hydroelectric and other renewables in power generation both reached record shares of global primary energy consumption (6.8% and 2.4% respectively).

World primary energy consumption
Regional primary energy consumption 2014
Primary energy consumption per capita 2014
Fossil fuel reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios 2014

The Asia Pacific region once again accounted for the largest increment to global primary energy consumption and continues to account for the largest share (41.3% of the global total). The region accounted for over 71% of global coal consumption for the first time in 2014, and coal remains the region’s dominant fuel. Gas is the dominant fuel in Europe & Eurasia and the Middle East, while oil is the largest source of energy in the Americas and Africa.


In this review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity.

In the primary energy table oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes oil equivalent (mtoe).

Primary energy downloads