Review by energy type: Primary energy

Primary Energy
World primary energy consumption grew by a below-average 2.3% in 2013, a third consecutive below-average increase

Growth was below average in all regions except North America. All fuels except oil, nuclear and renewables grew at below-average rates. Oil remains the world’s dominant fuel, but has lost market share for 14 years in a row. Hydroelectric and other renewables in power generation both reached record shares of global primary energy consumption (6.7% and 2.2%, respectively).

Emerging economies accounted for 80% of the global increase in energy consumption – even though growth in these countries was a below average 3.1%. OECD consumption rose by an above-average 1.2%. Robust US growth (+2.9%) accounted for all of the net increase in the OECD and consumption in the EU and Japan fell by 0.3% and 0.6%, respectively. Spain (-5%) recorded the largest volumetric decline in energy consumption.

Primary world consumption 2014
Regional consumption pattern 2014
Primary energy consumption per capita 2014
Fossil fuel reserves to production

The Asia Pacific region once again accounted for the largest increment to global primary energy consumption and continues to account for the largest share (40.5% of the global total). The region accounted for over 70% of global coal consumption for the first time in 2013, and coal remains the region’s dominant fuel. Oil is the dominant fuel in all other regions except Europe & Eurasia and the Middle East where gas is dominant. In the Middle East, gas surpassed oil as the dominant fuel in 2013.


In this review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity.

The units of data in the primary energy consumption tables are in million tonnes oil equivalent (mtoe).

Primary energy downloads