Brazil

Brazil’s primary energy production increased by 4.2% in 2015, reaching a new high of 275 mtoe, while primary energy consumption declined for the first time since 2009

Fast facts

  1. Brazil’s oil production reached a new record level of 2.5 mb/d in 2015.
  2. Brazil remained the second largest producer of biofuels in the world, accounting for 24% of global production.
  3. Brazil is the third largest generator of hydro power, despite consumption falling for four consecutive years.
     

-1.6% Decline in Brazil’s energy consumption

2.2% Brazil’s share of global energy consumption

+7.9% Growth in Brazil’s oil production

  • Declining consumption of oil (-4.2%), hydro (-3.3%), coal (-0.8%), and nuclear (-4.2%) outweighed increases in renewables in power (+23.0%) and natural gas (+3.8%).
  • Oil remained the dominant fuel, accounting for 47% of Brazil’s energy consumption. Oil consumption declined by 85 kb/d in 2015 to 3.2 mb/d and now accounts for 3.2% of global consumption.
  • Renewables in power (6% of Brazil’s consumption) increased by 23.0% in 2015 and have expanded every year since 2001.
  • Hydro generation (28% of Brazil’s primary energy consumption) declined for the fourth consecutive year in 2015, as a result of an ongoing drought.
  • Natural gas consumption (13% of Brazil’s consumption) increased by 1.5 Bcm in 2015 to 40.9 bcm.
  • Energy intensity (the amount of energy required per unit of GDP) increased by 2.3% in 2015, well above the 10-year average of 0.8%.
  • Brazil’s energy production grew by 4.2% in 2015. Production growth of oil (+7.9%), renewables in power (+23.0%), biofuels (+6.8%), and natural gas (+1.3%) outweighed declines in hydro (-3.3%) and nuclear (-4.2%), while coal production remained unchanged.
  • Brazilian oil production increased for the second consecutive year, reaching a new record production level (2.5 mb/d), although growth decelerated from the record growth of 230 kb/d in 2014, to just 180 kb/d in 2015.
  • Natural gas production increased by 1.3% in 2015 and set a new all-time high level of production of 22.9 bcm.
  • Biofuels production increased for the fourth consecutive year as ethanol production increased by 26 Kb/d and biodiesel production increased 9 kb/d.
  • CO2 emissions from energy use declined by 3.9% in 2015; this was in sharp contrast to the 10-year average growth of 3.9% and the first decline in emissions since 2009.

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