Indonesia

Indonesia’s coal consumption increased by 22.2% in 2016 - reaching a historical high

Fast facts

  1. Indonesia’s primary energy consumption (+5.9%) grew at its fastest rate in the past five years, in 2016.
  2. Indonesia’s coal production in 2016 fell by 6.2% - its largest fall ever.
  3. The share of coal in Indonesia’s energy mix increased to 36%, its highest ever.

 

+5.9% Growth in Indonesia’s energy consumption

7.0% Indonesia’s share of global coal production

185% Ratio of natural gas production to consumption

  • Indonesia’s energy consumption increased by 5.9% in 2016, having doubled over the last 20 years.
  • Coal consumption grew rapidly (+22.2%) in 2016 to its highest level ever.
  • Oil remained Indonesia’s dominant fuel (41% of primary energy consumption) in 2016, followed by coal (36%) and natural gas (19%).
  • Indonesia produced 55% of its oil consumption in 2016, compared to an oil surplus as recently as 2002.
  • Natural gas consumption fell by 7% in 2016 - to its lowest level since 2007 and more than 13% lower than its peak in 2010.
  • After declining in 2014 and 2015, hydro grew by 4.8% in 2016 and accounted for just under 2% of Indonesia’s energy consumption.
  • Renewables in power (1% of primary energy consumption) increased by 7.1% in 2016, above the 10-year average of 4.7%.
  • Indonesia’s coal production decreased by 6.2% to 256 mtoe, its lowest level since 2012.
  • In 2016 the ratio of coal production to consumption sharply decreased to 408% compared to 532% in 2015.
  • Oil production increased by 4.8% (+40 Kb/d) in 2016 and halted the sustained fall since 2010.
  • Natural gas production dropped for a sixth year in a row by 7.4% (-5.3 Bcm) in 2016 and is now 19% lower than the 2010 production peak.
  • Indonesia’s CO2 emissions from energy use increased by 7.6% in 2016, more than double of its 10-year average (+3.7%).
  • Energy intensity (the amount of energy required per unit of GDP) rose by 0.8% in 2016, in comparison with an average annual decline of 2.6% over the past 10 years.

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