BP today announced its financial results for the second quarter of 2014. Underlying replacement cost profit1 for the quarter of 2014 was $3.6 billion, 34% higher than the $2.7 billion reported for the same period in 2013 and 13% higher than the $3.2 billion result for the first quarter of 2014.
The company also announced a quarterly dividend of 9.75 cents per ordinary share, the same level as the previous quarter but 8.3% higher than a year earlier. As previously announced, BP’s board will review the level of the dividend with the first and third quarter results each year.
“This was another successful quarter, delivering both operational progress and robust cash flow. We are continuing to ramp up the major new projects that drive delivery of cash flow and are also now seeing benefits from our focus on operating with greater reliability and efficiency,” said Bob Dudley, BP group chief executive.
“This operational momentum keeps us well on track to meet our 2014 targets and underpins our longer-term commitment to grow distributions to our shareholders.”
Rising oil and gas production from new and recently-started higher-margin upstream projects and increased processing of heavy crude oil by the newly-modernised Whiting refinery contributed to operating cash flow of $7.9 billion in the quarter. Total operating cash flow for the first half of 2014 was $16.1 billion.
Divestments with a cumulative value of $3.4 billion have now been agreed towards BP’s expected total of $10 billion divestments agreed by the end of 2015. Most recently BP agreed the sale of its Hugoton gas assets in Texas for $390 million.
BP plans to use the post-tax proceeds from these divestments predominantly for shareholder distributions, with a bias to share buybacks. In mid-July BP completed the $8 billion share buyback programme introduced following the sale of its interest in TNK-BP, and the divestment programme is now supporting a continuation of buybacks.
In the second quarter, BP’s Upstream segment reported $4.7 billion underlying pre-tax replacement cost profit, compared with $4.3 billion a year earlier and $4.4 billion in the first quarter of 2014.
Compared to a year earlier, the Upstream result reflected the benefits of higher production in key regions and higher oil and gas realisations. This was partly offset by the impact of divestments and higher non-cash costs.
Increasing output from the key regions, primarily the Gulf of Mexico, drove overall underlying production2 of oil and gas, excluding Russia, up by over 3% compared to a year earlier.
The end of the Abu Dhabi concession in January 2014 together with divestment impacts, however, meant that reported Upstream production, at 2.1 million barrels of oil equivalent a day (mmboed), was 6% lower. Reported production in the third quarter is expected to be lower due primarily to turnaround and seasonal maintenance activities.
Including Russia, reported group oil and gas production averaged 3.1 mmboed.
Reported underlying net income from Rosneft for the quarter was $1.0 billion. BP received a dividend payment of approximately $700 million earlier in July.
The Downstream reported underlying pre-tax replacement cost profit of $0.7 billion, compared with $1.0 billion in the previous quarter and $1.2 billion for the second quarter of 2013. Both a significantly weaker refining environment and a weaker contribution from supply and trading negatively impacted the result compared to a year earlier, although this was partially offset by benefits from increasing heavy crude runs at the Whiting refinery. During the quarter, throughput of heavy oil at Whiting reached a high of 270,000 barrels a day.
Five new major upstream projects in BP’s key regions have started production so far in 2014 – most recently, the CLOV project in Angola achieved first oil on 12 June. Three of these five projects are in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico. Two further projects are expected on-stream in 2014.
Greater operating efficiency is being demonstrated in the Upstream, with average plant reliability for the first half higher than a year earlier, drilling performance continuing to improve and seven of the turnarounds planned for 2014 complete or underway. In the Downstream, refining availability was again maintained above 95% for the quarter.
In exploration, BP has participated in 10 completed wells to date in 2014 which have so far resulted in two significant discoveries – Notus in Egypt and Orca in Angola. 15-17 wells are expected to be completed over the whole year.
In the quarter the provision for litigation related to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill was increased by $260 million. The total cumulative pre-tax charge for the incident to date is now $43.0 billion. The provision does not include any amounts for business economic loss claims that are yet to be received, processed and paid.
At the end of the quarter, the aggregate remaining cash balance in the $20 billion Trust and qualified settlement funds remained at $6.3 billion. The unallocated headroom in the Trust remained at around $700 million.