Working with indigenous peoples in Indonesia

BP has been working with Tangguh’s local communities for more than a decade. With the advent of our expansion project, we are implementing social programmes aimed at empowering the indigenous Papuan community

Located in the Papua Barat province, Tangguh is Indonesia’s second largest liquefied natural gas supply facility and the first fully-combined upstream and downstream LNG operation.

Tangguh can currently produce 7.6 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) and our expansion project is expected to increase production by 50%.
BP has been working with Tangguh’s local communities for more than a decade. With the advent of our expansion project, we needed to understand how any new activity could impact the local community, particularly the indigenous Papuan community.

Impact assessment

BP consulted with 62 villages in the Bintuni Bay areas in order to inform the local communities of the project and better understand their concerns and requests. We received a variety of different views, concerns and aspirations ranging from education, health and livelihood, to indigenous development opportunities, including enterprise development programmes. We used this input to inform our social impact assessment.

The Tangguh Independent Advisory Panel (TIAP) - which advises BP on the non-commercial aspects of our operations - said of our engagement progress in their 2014 report:

The TIAP 2014 report

“The process has provided by far the best opportunity to date for input from and dialogue among, local affected parties. It gauged community views on the impact of Tangguh’s social and environmental programmes as they have been implemented and brought out local feelings toward Tangguh. 

The experience of local constituencies over the past 10 years has provided them with specific real life understanding of what works and what does not work, and which programmes should be eliminated and which need to be changed. Because of its collaborative nature, BP has accepted many of these suggestions and aspirations in shaping social management into new Tangguh Sustainable Development Programmes.”
Our assessment highlighted that the increased industrialization of Bintuni Bay could lead to socio-economic change that could potentially marginalize the Papuan community if not carefully managed. 

We therefore altered our approach for engaging with the local community and developing our social programmes. We expanded our scope beyond villages in the immediate vicinity of the facility to include members of all four indigenous tribes that reside in the coastal area.

Social programmes

BP has been developing and implementing social programmes with a particular focus on the indigenous Papuan community. In light of the Tangguh expansion project and our new approach to empower indigenous people, we have supported the establishment of two sustainable businesses: one that manufactures uniforms for our Tangguh workers and others, and another that will provide air conditioning maintenance to service the growing local industry as the region continues to move toward electrification. BP provided community members with technical training and hands-on experience through apprenticeship programmes. 

We are also working to build the local indigenous workforce and have committed to an 85% Papuan workforce by 2029. To achieve this goal, we developed an internship programme to recruit university graduates from Papua and Papua Barat for BP’s Tangguh LNG site. This gives graduates from a variety of disciplines - such as electrical and mechanical engineering, geology and economics - hands-on experience to prepare them for future careers at BP or one of our business partners. We recruited more than 55 Papuan graduates since the internship programme began in 2009. Currently 55% of our workforce is Indonesian nationals from the Papuan province.

We continue our work with the province in providing electricity to the local area. We regularly engage with community-based and international NGOs through TIAP, updating and receiving feedback on our social programmes.

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