The Tangguh Project has developed a detailed Land Acquisition and Resettlement Action Plan (LARAP) to address the impacts associated with our operations
The LARAP identifies people affected by the project as those:
- affected by exploration phase seismic work
- affected by land acquisition
- living in resettlement villages and host villages
- likely to be affected by marine safety exclusion zones in future
Exploratory seismic work carried out prior to 1998 caused temporary impacts – for instance, the felling of forest trees, sago and nipa palms in various communities in the Bintuni Bay area. Following this phase, the land occupied by the Tanah Merah village community on the south shore of the Bay was identified as the most suitable site for the Tangguh LNG plant.
The project conducted consultations with the land-owning clans and the Tanah Merah community to clarify project requirements, assess the willingness of the clans to relinquish their lands and discuss local people’s views about relocation. As a result of agreements reached to relinquish land and be resettled, the clans, the Tanah Merah community and the ‘host villages’ of Saengga and Onar, were all judged to have experienced involuntary resettlement impacts
The Land Acquisition and Resettlement Action PlanThe Tangguh Project has developed a Land Acqusition and Resettlement Action Plan to guide its resettlement activities. This has been designed to adhere to Asian Development Bank (ADB) and World Bank standards. An Advisory Panel of resettlement experts helps us to maintain these standards, while the LARAP itself, will be made publicly available.
Resettlement is being carried out as a participatory community development program, with one overriding objective: to ensure that resettled people are assisted to improve their income, standard of living and livelihoods over and above pre-project levels. Social and economic development activities associated with the resettlement program are scheduled to continue until 2009, at which point a completion audit will be conducted.
The people most directly affected by the Tangguh Project were those living in the Tanah Merah community (a village comprising 127 households), which was relocated to make way for construction of the LNG plant and two host villages (Saengga and Onar) close to the locations chosen for resettlement by the Tanah Merah community.
Through consultation and participatory planning, community members were involved with the Tangguh Project in choosing the new sites, in specifying appropriate housing, and in developing ways to replace their assets, replenish their resources and reconstruct their livelihoods.