An oil and gas terminal that receives, processes, stores and exports crude oil and gas produced from the Azerbaijan's offshore oilfields in the Caspian Sea. Treated crude oil and gas at the terminal are pumped to storage tanks and finally pumped to export pipelines for onward shipment to the world's markets.
Sangachal Terminal covers an area of 542 hectares, which makes it one of the world's largest oil and gas terminals, and consists of two main parts: the Early Oil Project (EOP) and Sangachal Terminal Expansion Programme (STEP).
EOP terminal has been constructed to process, store and export oil from the Chirag offshore field in the Caspian (the so-called Early Oil Project). The EOP terminal houses 4 crude oil storage tanks - 25,500 cubic metres each and can process, store and export in excess of 6 million tonnes of crude oil per year.
STEP is the part of the terminal which has been expanded to receive, store and process oil from Azeri and Deepwater Gunashli sections of the Azeri-Chirag-Guneshli field and gas from the Shah Deniz field. It houses a number of facilities including 3 crude oil storage tanks with 880,000 barrels capacity each.
Sangachal terminal also hosts two critical facilities for the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline: the head pump station and the control room. The latter monitors the entire pipeline and can detect problems and isolate the necessary pipeline sections across all three countries.
BP is the operator of the terminal.
About half of the people employed at the terminal are local residents from adjacent villages and towns.
The terminal has implemented a number of various programs in the surrounding communities focusing on health, education, sustainable income, and overall community improvement.
- EOP construction started - May 1996
- EOP construction ended - October 1997
- Early oil reaches Sangachal - 25 December 1997
- STEP expansion works started - February 2002
- First oil from Central Azeri reached Sangachal on February 2005.
Sangachal Terminal Expansion
As part of Shah Deniz Full Field Development, Sangachal Terminal will undergo a major expansion. This will allow it to process an additional 16 billion cubic metres of gas per year, further increasing the importance of the terminal to Azerbaijan’s oil and gas industry.