Coal consumption

Global coal consumption fell by 1.7%, (-53 mtoe) the second successive annual decline

The largest decreases were seen in the US (-33 mtoe, an 8.8% fall), China (-26 mtoe, -1.6%) and the United Kingdom (-12 mtoe, -52.5%). Coal consumption in the UK more than halved to its lowest level in our records. Chinese coal consumption declined for the third consecutive year, although by less than production, with China resuming its position as the world’s largest importer of coal.

Consumption by region (million tonnes oil equivalent)

Consumption by region (million tonnes oil equivalent)


Coal consumption includes data for solid fuels only. Included in the hard coal category are bituminous and anthracite. The sub-bituminous coal includes lignite and brown coal. Other commercial solid fuels are also included. The figures exclude coal converted to liquid or gaseous fuels, but includes coal consumed in transformation processes.

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