Coal production

World coal production fell by 6.2%, or 231 million tonnes of oil equivalent (mtoe) in 2016, the largest decline on record

China’s production fell by 7.9% or 140 mtoe - also a record decline - while US production fell by 19% or 85 mtoe to 364.8 mtoe, again the lowest level in our dataset going back to 1981.

Coal production by region (million tonnes oil equivalent)

Coal production by region (million tonnes oil equivalent)


Coal production includes data for commercial solid fuels only. Included in the hard coal category are bituminous and anthracite. The sub-bituminous coal includes lignite and brown coal. Other commercial solid fuels are also included. The data excludes coal converted to liquid or gaseous fuels but includes coal consumed in transformation processes.

In the coal production PDF table, the units are in million tonnes oil equivalent (mtoe). The data can also be downloaded from the Excel workbook in million tonnes.

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