|ALC carbon outcome||Reducing greenhouse gas emissions|
1,200,000 tonnes CO₂e (BP-operated) and 70,000 CO₂e (3rd party operated) [Jan-Dec 2018] Information on methodology and/or basis
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions occur as part of the day-to-day running of our facilities around the world – from our offshore platforms to our retail sites. However, BP is taking steps to tackle those emissions. We do this by finding and acting upon opportunities to make what we call sustainable emissions reductions.
We encourage employees to identify, implement and report on actions or operational changes that lead to permanent emissions reductions. For example, this might include steps to reduce the amount of energy we use at a particular site or replacing older equipment with new, more efficient technology. We have a well-established methodology and process for reporting these reductions.
In 2018, BP accredited a programme of sustainable emissions reductions that were made across our businesses, including Upstream and Downstream.
Examples of sustainable emission reductions across the Americas include:
At our refinery in Whiting, Indiana, US, a number of interventions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions were undertaken, including the installation of new equipment to generate steam from the heat contained in exhaust gas. Capturing the waste heat reduces the amount of fuel the refinery burns to generate steam. At our Prudhoe Bay oil field in Alaska, US, we replaced gas turbines to drive compressors at pumping stations with compressors that are powered by electricity.
In our US gas business, BPX Energy, we replaced gas-driven components and made other field improvements that helped to lower methane emissions.
We rely on helicopters at our offshore oil and gas operations in BP Trinidad and Tobago. However, by optimizing the way in which we use this transport we have been able to reduce the number of helicopters used, reducing fuel consumption and emissions.
Across Europe and Eurasia we have carried out a number of activities to support sustainable emissions reductions. For example:
In Germany, process changes in the steam reformer at our Lingen refinery team has reduced the amount of energy required to run the plant, which has helped to reduce emissions.
In the Netherlands, we have fitted a new air pre-heater to the vacuum distillation unit furnace at our refinery in Rotterdam, helping to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by several thousand tonnes a year.
In our North Sea operations we modified our gas turbines to enable them to be fuelled 100% by fuel gas rather than a fuel gas / diesel mix, resulting in more efficient power generation.
Across Azerbaijan our operations teams have found a number of ways to implement sustainable emissions reductions. For example, we reduced emissions from our offshore operations in the Caspian Sea by changing operational practices to reduce flaring, improving the efficiency of pumps to inject water into the reservoirs and optimising supply vessel planning to reduce fuel usage.
Across Africa and the Middle East we have carried out a number of activities to support sustainable emissions reductions. For example: Our Upstream operations in Angola are an important part of BP's global oil and gas activity. Here, we optimised the operational processes to maximise the export of gas from our offshore plant to significantly reduce the amount of gas we flare. Some of our onshore gas facilities in Oman now take power from the in-field electrical grid rather than from individual diesel generators, helping reduce emissions.
Examples of sustainable emission reductions across Asia Pacific include:
We run Australia's largest oil refinery, located approximately 35 kilometres southwest of Perth. Kwinana produced sustainable emissions reductions by optimising the process to allow gas that would otherwise have been flared to be routed back into the process.
In China we have adapted the reactor system at one of our petrochemical plants, which allows us to convert waste gas into acetic acid.
At our petrochemicals plant in Merak, Indonesia, we have made a series of improvements to the way that we run our facilities, including some of the energy systems, which has helped reduce operational emissions.