Greenhouse gas emissionsᶠ

2012
2012
2013
2013
2014
2014
2015
2015
2016
2016

Direct carbon dioxide (CO2) (million tonnes (Mte))

2012

56.4

2013

47.0

2014

45.5

2015

45.1g

2016

46.1

Direct methane (Mte)

2012

0.17

2013

0.16

2014

0.15

2015

0.16

2016

0.16

Direct greenhouse gas (GHG) (Mte CO2 equivalent (CO2e) )

2012

59.8

2013

50.3

2014

48.7h

2015

49.0i

2016

50.1

Indirect carbon dioxide (CO2)j (Mte)

2012

8.4

2013

6.7

2014

6.8

2015

6.9

2016

6.2

Real sustainable reductions in GHG emissionsk (Mte)

2012

0.2

2013

0.2

2014

0.1

2015

0.1

2016

0.3

Greenhouse gas intensity (TeCO2 equivalent/unit)

2012
2013
2014
2015
2016

Upstream (per thousand barrels of oil equivalent)

2012

29.2

2013

30.1

2014

32.0l

2015

32.7m

2016

34.7

Refining (per utilized equivalent distillation capacity)

2012

901

2013

995

2014

978

2015

944

2016

951

Petrochemicals (per thousand tonnes) 

2012

293

2013

283

2014

291

2015

290

2016

287

Flaringn (upstream) (thousand tonnes (kte) of hydrocarbons)

2012

1,548

2013

2,028

2014

2,188

2015

1,863

2016

1,896

Customer emissionso (MteCO2)

2012

517

2013

422

2014

406

2015

402

2016

395

Carbon dioxide avoided through our renewables businessp (MteCO2e)

2012

2.4

2013

2.9

2014

3.2

2015

3.3

2016

3.1

Footnotes

a This represents reported incidents occurring within BP’s operational HSSE reporting boundary. That boundary includes BP’s own operated facilities and certain other locations or situations.
b DAFWCF and RIF are the annual frequency per 200,000 hours worked.
c We report tier 1 process safety events, which are losses of primary containment of greatest consequence – causing harm to a member of the workforce, costly damage to equipment or exceeding defined quantities. Tier 2 events are those of lesser consequence.
d Loss of primary containment is the number of unplanned or uncontrolled releases of oil, gas, or other hazardous materials from a tank, vessel, pipe, railcar or other equipment used for containment or transfer. Figures for 2014 to 2016 include increased reporting due to the introduction of enhanced automated monitoring for remote sites in our US Lower 48 business. Using a like-for-like approach with previous years’ reporting, our LOPC figure is 233 (2015 208, 2014 246).
e Oil spills are defined as any liquid hydrocarbon release of more than, or equal to, one barrel (159 litres, equivalent to 42 US gallons).
f We provide data on GHG emissions material to our businesses on a carbon dioxide-equivalent basis. This includes CO₂ and methane for direct emissions. This encompasses all BP’s consolidated entities as well as our share of equity-accounted entities other than BP’s share of TNK-BP and Rosneft for the relevant periods.
g The reported 2015 figure has been amended from 45.0.
h The reported 2014 figure has been amended from 48.6.
i The reported 2015 figure has been amended from 48.9.
j Indirect emissions are associated with the purchase of electricity, heat, steam or cooling into our operations.
k This measure reflects actions taken by our businesses that reduce their GHG emissions. See Pursuing efficient operations.
l The reported 2014 figure has been amended from 31.9.
m The reported 2015 figure has been amended from 32.4.
n We report the total hydrocarbons flared from our upstream operations.
o Based on BP’s total reported production of natural gas, natural gas liquids and refinery throughputs.
p Based on BP’s total ethanol production and wind generating capacity. The 2016 figure decreased due to lower sugar cane yields and the divestment of our stake in a wind farm.
q This includes dividends paid in cash and scrip dividends.
r Data for freshwater consumption and percentage of withdrawal was not reported in 2012 and water consumption intensity data was not reported in 2012 and 2013.
s Environmental expenditure was substantially higher in previous years due to environmental and spill response costs relating to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
t The increase in 2016 is primarily due to a fine received by BP West Coast Products, LLC. For further information see page 267 of BP’s Annual Report and Form 20-F 2016.
u Includes employees who are group leaders, senior level leaders or in other management positions.
v This excludes our share of those employed by joint operations in legal entities.
w These figures relate to non-retail employees only. In 2016 voluntary turnover (resignations and retirements) was 4%.
x Any employee, contractor or other third party can contact our confidential helpline, OpenTalk.
y This excludes dismissals of staff employed at our retail service stations.
z In 2012 this data included employee and contractor dismissals. From 2013 this figure includes employee dismissals only.

Related content