To manage crises and emergencies, BP adopts a standardised, localised and appropriate approach for all types of events, the Incident Command System (ICS). This approach includes guidelines for preparation, response, recuperation and evaluation, as well as:
- Enabling the integration of facilities, equipment, people, procedures and communication systems operating in a common organizational structure.
- Allowing coordinated responses between various jurisdictions and institutions, both public and private.
- Establishing common processes for planning and resource management.
The ICS is applicable to any incident whatever its type, size or complexity. It sets out a response structure that facilitates activities in three key areas – Command, Operations, Planning, Logistics and Finance/Administration – and can be customized to meet the particular needs of any incident. The ICS was originally developed in the 1970s in the United States as a methodology to combat large-scale incidents. Today it is used by private and public institutions across the whole world.