1. Quantify – Our first step is to assess your greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions based on accurate and complete raw data. Measurement of carbon footprints must be in accordance with accepted standards (e.g. ISO 14064 series, ISO 14040 series, Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol standards) and be based on publicly available and nationally relevant emissions factors from reputable and recognised sources. The footprint is a great way to start to your low carbon journey. It will highlight the most carbon intensive areas of your product or business which are often the areas where you can make the biggest gains in efficiency and cost savings.
2. Commit to Reduce Emissions – Once your carbon footprint is understood, the next step is to implement a Carbon Reduction Plan and declare a commitment to carbon neutrality by adopting ‘reduce/replace’ strategies. The Plan must identify the emissions reduction measures to be undertaken and the quantity of emissions expected to be reduced over a specified timeframe.
Reduce identifies those areas where you can achieve efficiencies that cut your carbon emissions. For example, by training drivers to maximise fuel efficiency through changes to their driving behaviour.
Replace identifies processes, products or services for which lower carbon alternatives can be sourced. For example, switching to more efficient fuels and using low viscosity oils or when the time comes to renew a vehicle, a change to a more efficient combustion, hybrid or electric vehicle can have an even more dramatic effect on carbon emissions.
3. Neutralize – Any remaining greenhouse gas emissions should be offset by purchasing and retiring high quality, certified carbon credits. As a member of ICROA, bp Target Neutral commits to source carbon credits only from projects that are or will be registered, validated and verified.
4. Document and Validate – All Carbon Neutral standards require a standard-compliant declaration of achievement of neutrality. This is through a set of statements known as Qualifying Explanatory Statements (QES) or equivalent.
5. Report – Standards require public disclosure of all the documentation that supports the carbon neutrality claim e.g. on the company or product website in line with the ICROA code of best practice.