Biosciences Center

 BP’s San Diego Biosciences Center (BSC) conducts research,  supports investments and manages academic partnerships  aimed at accelerating the world’s transition to a lower- carbon future.

As part of the company’s global technology team, the BSC  studies how bioscience can add value to BP’s businesses  and make them more sustainable. Created in 2015, its staff  includes both scientists and engineers.  

“What can biology do for an energy company? The short  answer is, a lot,” says Kirsty Salmon, the BSC’s science  team leader. “Most BP businesses work with biology in  one form or another. The BSC conducts research and  development programs that can help the biosciences  make larger contributions to the company. It also identifies  academic programs that can complement business needs.”

Among other capabilities, the BSC performs research  on microbiology, metabolic engineering, microbial  physiology, metabolic modeling, biochemistry, enzymology,  fermentation and biogeochemistry. Its scientists can rapidly  unlock genome information and identify potential models  for gene integration. Their biodiversity archives feature some  80,000 tubes, vials and plates.

This research supports many aspects of BP’s operations,  including the production of renewable energy, oil and  natural gas, along with the development of innovative and  efficient fuels and lubricants.

For example, the BSC works closely with BP Biofuels, which  produces ethanol from sugar cane in Brazil. This ethanol  has lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions that are 70 percent  lower than conventional transportation fuels.  

In 2017, BP Biofuels formed a joint venture with Copersucar  — the world’s leading sugar and ethanol trader — to own  and operate a major ethanol storage terminal in Brazil. The  joint venture has helped BP better connect its ethanol  production with the main Brazilian fuels markets.

The San Diego BSC also provides specialist advice to  Butamax, BP’s joint venture with DuPont. The Butamax  technology converts sugars from corn into an energy-rich  biofuel known as bio-isobutanol, which can be blended  with gasoline at higher concentrations than ethanol and  transported through existing fuel pipelines and infrastructure.

In 2017, Butamax acquired a state-of-the-art ethanol plant  in Kansas, and it plans to add bio-isobutanol production  capacity to the facility.

Meanwhile, the BSC advises BP Ventures on low-carbon  and other investments. To date, BP Ventures has invested  more than $190 million in California-based companies,  partnering to bring clean technologies and other leading- edge energy solutions to market.

In the years ahead, the BSC plans to expand its research in  areas such as wastewater, remediation and enhanced oil  recovery.  

For example, it plans to help BP make further progress  on converting waste streams to biogas, cleaning legacy  industrial sites and producing oil more efficiently from  existing resources.

“The BSC will play a significant role in helping BP reduce  emissions in its operations, improve its products and create  or expand low-carbon businesses,” says Steve Taggart,  director of engineering, projects and operations both for  the BSC and for BP’s Advanced Modeling Team. “The  biosciences have broad application across our industry.” Beyond its lab and business work, the San Diego BSC team  manages BP’s partnership with the Energy Biosciences  Institute (EBI), a world-class research program based at UC- Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the  University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.  

To date, the EBI has funded more than 75 research  programs or projects in areas such as biofuels, biomass and  renewable chemicals. BP has contributed more than $300  million to the EBI since 2007.