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Trading conditions update

This trading conditions update is produced in order to provide disclosure to investors and potential investors of current trading conditions, and to ensure that they all receive equal access to the same information, at the same time

Data to Wednesday 15 May 2019

The marker prices and marker margins below do not represent the actual prices or margins realised by BP during the given periods.This data is normally updated every Friday at 3.30pm UK time (or nearest UK working day in the event of public holiday).


Quarter to date data are updated to the date shown at the top of this page.

Marker Prices 2Q 2019 to date 1Q 2019 4Q 2018 3Q 2018 2Q 2018
Brent Dated ($/bbl) 71.40 63.13 68.81 75.16 74.39
WTI Cushing ($/bbl) 63.21 54.87 59.98 69.63 68.02
WCS Hardisty ($/bbl) 52.14 44.91 25.31 40.33 49.76
ANS USWC ($/bbl) 71.23 64.39 69.53 75.26 73.93
Mars ($/bbl) 68.76 61.13 64.45 70.79 69.47
Urals (NWE - cif) ($/bbl) 71.32 62.91 68.02 73.98 72.21
US gas Henry Hub first of month index ($/mmbtu) 2.64 3.15 3.65 2.91 2.80
UK gas price - National Balance Point (p/therm) 34.78 48.23 65.13 64.46 53.88

Source: Platts

Light / heavy crude spreads 2Q 2019 to date 1Q 2019 4Q 2018 3Q 2018 2Q 2018
Brent vs. Urals (NWE - cif) ($/bbl) 0.08 0.22 0.79 1.18 2.18
WTI vs. Mars ($/bbl) -5.54 -6.26 -4.48 -1.16 -1.45
WTI CMA vs. WCS, lagged 1 month*($/bbl) 10.71 12.68 39.06 24.06 19.35

*The WCS differential to WTI calendar month average is based on a quoted Platts differential and used as a generic indicator. Actual crude differentials captured by BP’s refineries may vary significantly due to a variety of factors, such as apportionment, rationing or operational issues on third party crude logistics infrastructure.

Refining Marker Margins ($/bbl) - RMM 2Q 2019 to date 1Q 2019 4Q 2018 3Q 2018 2Q 2018
US North West Coast 27.2 11.1 12.3 15.5 21.2
US Mid West 22.7 13.4 13.5 19.1 18.4
North West Europe 12.5 8.5 9.6 12.8 12.2
Mediterranean 9.2 7.7 8.1 10.7 11.0
Australia 10.1 9.1 10.3 12.5 11.5
Global Refining Marker Margin 16.6 10.2 11.0 14.7 14.9

The refining margins shown above are compiled using data from third party databases, and as such may be subject to possible errors.


* The Refining Marker Margin (RMM) is a generic indicator. Actual margins realised by BP may vary significantly due to a variety of factors, including specific refinery configurations, crude slate and operating practices. For example being based on a single regional marker crude, the RMM does not include the impact of the differential between Canadian Heavy crude and WTI.


Find out more about how BP calculates its Refining Marker Margin (RMM)


Important note - Rules of thumb


The rules of thumb were reviewed in the first quarter of 2019, based on the then prevailing range of oil and gas prices. They are intended to give directional indicators of the impact of changes in the trading environment on BP's 2019 full-year pre-tax results. These rules of thumb are approximate and based upon BP’s current portfolio.


Please note that the relationship between prices and results is not necessarily linear across a wide range of oil and gas prices. Changes in margins, differentials, seasonal demand patterns, operational issues, and other factors including timing of acquisition and divestment activity, can also materially impact the results.


Significant differences between the estimates implied by the application of the rules of thumb and the actual results themselves may also arise due to complex mechanisms for calculating government shares of Upstream revenues in some jurisdictions, depending on price levels.


In the Downstream, the Refining Marker Margin (RMM) rule of thumb reflects the sensitivity of the group’s results to changes in refining margins. However, variations could arise between the RMM and BP's realised refining margins due, for example, to BP’s particular refinery configurations and crude slate and product mix.

Operating environment rules of thumb for the full year 2019 Impact on pre-tax replacement cost operating profit
Upstream oil price
Brent +/- $1/bbl
Upstream natural gas price
Henry Hub +/- $0.10/mmBtu
Not applicable
Downstream refining margin
RMM +/- $ 1/bbl