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Greenhouse gas emissionsᶠ

 

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Operational controlᵍ
Direct greenhouse gas (GHG) (Mte CO₂ equivalent (CO₂e))
54.1 51.2 51.4 50.5 48.8
Direct carbon dioxide (CO₂) (million tonnes (Mte)) 51.6 48.5 48.4 47.8 46.4
Direct methane (Mte) 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.09
Methane intensityʰ (%) 0.2 0.2 0.2
Sustainable GHG emissions reductionsⁱ (Mte CO₂e) 0.1 0.2 0.7 0.5 1.3
Indirect emissionsʲ (MteCO₂e) 7.5 7.0 6.2 6.1 5.4
Flaringᵏ (upstream) (thousand tonnes of hydrocarbons) 2,188 1,863 1,896 1,987 1,634
Equityˡ 
Direct greenhouse gas (GHG) (Mte CO₂ equivalent (CO₂e)) 48.7 49.0 50.1 49.4 46.5
Direct carbon dioxide (CO₂) (million tonnes (Mte)) 45.5 45.1 46.1 45.8 43.3
Direct methane (Mte) 0.15 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.13
Sustainable GHG emissions reductionsⁱ (Mte) 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.6
Greenhouse gas intensity (TeCO₂ equivalent/unit)
Upstreamᵐ (per thousand barrels of oil equivalent) 32.0 33.0 34.7 30.4 27.8
Refining (per utilized equivalent distillation capacity) 978 944 951 923 915
Petrochemicals (per thousand tonnes)  291 290 287 304 325
Indirect emissionsʲ (MteCO₂e) 6.8 6.9 6.2 6.8 5.7
Customer emissionsⁿ (MteCO₂) 406 402 395 412 437
Carbon dioxide avoided through our renewables businessᵒ (MteCO₂e) 3.2 3.3 2.8 2.7 2.8

Footnotes

 

f Oil spills are defined as any liquid hydrocarbon release of more than, or equal to, one barrel (159 litres, equivalent to 42 US gallons).
g Comprises 100% of emissions from activities that are operated by BP.
h This includes the methane emissions from BP’s upstream oil and gas operations as a percentage of the gas that goes to market from those operations. Data was not reported prior to 2016. In 2018 we aligned the way we calculate methane intensity with that of the Oil and Gas Climate Initiative. On a like-for-like basis this shows a reduction from 0.3% in both 2016 and 2017 to 0.2% in 2018.
i This measure reflects actions taken by our businesses that reduce their GHG emissions. See page 13.
j Indirect emissions include those resulting from the electricity and steam we import in our operations.
k We report the total hydrocarbons flared from our upstream operations.
l BP’s equity share data comprises 100% of emissions from subsidiaries and the percentage of emissions equivalent to our share of joint arrangements and associates, other than BP’s share of Rosneft.
m The 2015 figure is restated.
n Based on BP’s total reported production of natural gas, natural gas liquids and refinery throughputs.
o Based on BP’s total ethanol production and wind generating capacity. The 2016 and 2017 figures are restated in line with the grid emissions factor which was published by the US EPA in 2018 but is applicable from 2016 onwards.