CO₂ emissions

Emissions of CO₂ from energy consumption increased by only 0.1% in 2015

This was the smallest increase in annual emissions since 1992 excepting the one off decline during the financial crisis of 2009.

Declines were led by the US (-145.5 mt, -2.6%) and Russia (-64.4 mt, -4.2%). This is the sixth time in the last decade that the US has had the largest decline in CO2 emissions in the world. Ukraine and Japan continued to post significant declines having fallen in 2014 as well, while emissions in Brazil and Canada also significantly declined. The decline in COemissions in the US now takes it back to its 2012 levels, and nearly 10.5% lower than its peak in 2007. Japan is nearly back to its pre-Fukushima levels (2% higher than in 2010), while Ukraine is the lowest on record since the breakup of the USSR. Emissions from China were also lower (-11.6 mt, -0.1%), having declined the for the first time since 1998.

The biggest increase in emissions came from India (112.4 mt, 5.3%) for the second successive year, and three and a half times larger than the next biggest increase (Saudi Arabia, 32.1 mt, 5.4%). This is the first time in our dataset that India has posted the largest increment in emissions for two consecutive years. EU emissions rose for the first time since 2010 (+43.6 mt), only the third increase in the last 10 years; emissions remain at levels similar to 1967-68. Leading the increase in EU emissions were Spain (18.5 mt, 6.8%) and Italy (16.5 mt, 5.1%).

  • The method used to estimate carbon emissions from energy consumption in this year’s Statistical Review has been revised. The attached PDF provides further details.

Carbon dioxide emissions (million tonnes CO₂)

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