Contrary to its declining long run trend, EU primary energy consumption grew by 1.6% in 2015, its strongest growth since 2010
- EU oil production grew for the first time since 2002.
- The EU recorded its largest volume growth in renewables in power in 2015.
- EU CO2 emissions from energy use grew for the first time since 2010.
+1.6% Growth in EU energy consumption
12.5% EU share of global energy consumption
+17.7mtoe Growth in EU renewable production
- Increasing consumption of renewables in power (+14.9%), natural gas (+4.6%), and oil (+1.5%), outweighed declines in hydro (-9.6%), coal (-1.8%), and nuclear (-2.2%).
- Oil remains the dominant fuel, accounting for 37% of EU energy consumption, followed by natural gas with 22% and coal with 16%.
- Coal consumption declined by 5 mtoe to 262 mtoe, the lowest level in our dataset going back to 1965.
- Renewables in power expanded by 17.7 mtoe (14.9%) in 2015, which was the largest increment in EU history.
- Wind generation grew by 23.5% in 2015 and accounted for 52% of renewables in power generation, its largest share in the EU time series.
- Energy intensity (the amount of energy required per unit of GDP) declined by 0.4% in 2015, significantly slower than the 10-year average of -2.1%.
- EU primary energy production fell by 0.6% as declines in natural gas (-8.0%), hydro (-9.6%), coal (-3.4%), nuclear (-2.2%) and biofuels (-0.6%) outweighed increases in renewables in power (+14.9%) and oil (+6.6%).
- EU refinery throughput grew by 5.8% in 2015, well above the 10-year average (-1.5%) and the 2015 global average (2.3%). This marks the first increase in EU refinery throughput since 2005 and the largest increase since 1986.
- Natural gas production fell by 8% in 2015 as the Netherlands registered the largest global decline of 13 bcm.
- EU net natural gas imports expanded by 7.4% as pipeline imports from Russian expanded by 9.9%, with Russia accounting for just over 50% of EU net pipeline imports in 2015.
- EU CO2 emissions from energy use increased by 1.3% in 2015, in contrast to the 10-year average decline (-1.9%), as growth in gas- and oil-related emissions offset declines in coal emissions.