As with oil, consumption growth was below average outside the OECD (+1.9%, accounting for 53.5% of global consumption) but above average in the OECD countries (+1.5%). Among emerging economies, Iran (+6.2%) and China (+4.7%) recorded the largest increments to consumption, even though growth in China was sluggish compared with a 10-year average growth of 15.1%. Meanwhile, Russia (-5%) recorded the largest volumetric decline, followed by the Ukraine (-21.8%). Among OECD countries, the US (+3%) accounted for the largest growth increment, while EU consumption (+4.6%) rebounded after a large decline in 2014. Globally, natural gas accounted for 23.8% of primary energy consumption.
Global natural gas production grew by 2.2%, more rapidly than consumption but below its 10-year average of 2.4%. As with consumption, the US (+5.4%) recorded the largest growth increment, with Iran (+5.7%) and Norway (+7.7%) also recording significant increases in production. Growth was above average in North America, Africa, and Asia Pacific. EU production once again fell sharply (-8%), with the Netherlands (-22.8%) recording the world’s largest decline. Large volumetric declines were also seen in Russia (-1.5%) and Yemen (-71.5%).