Located 55km south of Baku, the Sangachal terminal is a vital link in Azerbaijan’s oil and gas industry. It is an oil and gas terminal that receives, processes, stores and exports crude oil and gas produced from all currently operated bp assets in the Caspian basin and has room for expansion. The terminal includes oil and gas processing facilities, the first pump station for the Baku Tbilisi Ceyhan (BTC) oil pipeline and South Caucasus gas pipeline (SCP) compressor and other facilities.
The oil and gas from the offshore fields flow through the subsea pipelines into the terminal and they stretch across the entire length of the terminal. There are eight different pipelines entering the terminal from offshore locations and eight leaving it. They head off in different directions carrying premium quality Azerbaijani crude oil and gas to the world markets. In addition, the terminal receives third party oil from Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.
Sangachal terminal covers an area of more than 630 hectares, which makes it one of the world's largest oil and gas terminals, and consists of two main parts: the Early Oil Project (EOP) and Sangachal Terminal Expansion Programme (STEP).
EOP part of the terminal has been constructed to process, store and export oil from the Chirag offshore field in the Caspian (the so-called Early Oil Project). This part of the terminal houses 4 crude oil storage tanks - 25,500 barrels each and can process, store and export in excess of 6 million tonnes of crude oil per year.
STEP is the part of the terminal which has been expanded to receive, store and process oil from Azeri and Deepwater Gunashli sections of the Azeri-Chirag-Guneshli field and gas from the Shah Deniz field. It houses a number of facilities including 3 crude oil storage tanks with 880,000 barrels capacity each, ACG oil processing facilities, or trains.
Sangachal terminal also hosts two critical facilities for the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline: the head pump station and the control room. The latter monitors the entire pipeline and can detect problems and isolate the necessary pipeline sections across all three countries or shut down the plant in case of emergency.
bp is the operator of the terminal.
In the third quarter of 2021, oil and gas from ACG and Shah Deniz continued to flow via subsea pipelines to the Sangachal terminal.
The daily capacity of the terminal’s processing systems is currently 1.2 million barrels of crude oil and condensate, and about 81 million standard cubic metres of Shah Deniz gas, while overall processing and export capacity for gas, including ACG associated gas is around 100 million standard cubic metres per day.
During the first three quarters of 2021, the Sangachal terminal exported about 172 million barrels of oil and condensate. This included about 148 million barrels through Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) and around 24 million barrels through the Western Route Export Pipeline (WREP).
Gas is exported via the South Caucasus Pipeline (SCP), the SCP expansion system and via SOCAR gas pipelines connecting the terminal’s gas processing facilities with Azerigas’s national grid system.
On average, around 58 million standard cubic metres (about 2,063 million standard cubic feet) of Shah Deniz gas was exported from the terminal daily in the three quarters of 2021.