The South Caucasus Pipeline (SCP) was built to export Shah Deniz gas from Azerbaijan to Georgia and Turkey. The pipeline starts from the Sangachal terminal near Baku. It follows the route of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) crude oil pipeline through Azerbaijan and Georgia to Turkey, where it is linked to the Turkish gas distribution system.
SCP was constructed jointly with BTC in order to minimise the environmental and social impact and to achieve capital and operating cost saving synergies.
South Caucasus Pipeline Company (SCPC) has been responsible for the construction and operation of the whole pipeline.
So SCP has a dual operatorship with BP as the technical operator being responsible for construction and operation of the SCP facilities and SOCAR Midstream Operations Limited, as commercial operator, is responsible for SCP's business administration.
The pipeline has been operational since late 2006 transporting gas to Azerbaijan and Georgia, and starting from July 2007 to Turkey from Shah Deniz Stage 1.
The length of the pipeline is 691km, with 443 km in Azerbaijan and 248 km in Georgia. The diameter is a 42-inch .
In the first quarter of 2016, SCP spent about $6 million in operating expenditure and around $236 million in capital expenditure.
SCP’s daily average throughput was about 21.6 million cubic metres of gas per day in the first quarter.
The expansion of the South Caucasus Pipeline is part of the Shah Deniz Full Field Development project. This expansion involves the laying of new pipeline across Azerbaijan and the construction of two new compressor stations in Georgia. This will triple the gas volumes exported through the pipeline to over 20 billion cubic metres per year.
At the border between Georgia and Turkey, the pipeline will link into other new pipelines to provide gas into Turkey and the European Union.
A Final Investment Decision on the South Caucasus Pipeline Expansion (SCPX) project was taken on 17 December 2013, coincident with Shah Deniz Stage 2.
In 2015, SCPX activities continued along the pipeline route across Azerbaijan and Georgia.
In Azerbaijan, mainline construction continued to ramp up with approximately 83km of pipe welded, 57km of pipe coated and 36km of pipe lowered into trenches. Trenching, lowering, laying and backfilling activities are progressing. Stocks of pipe have been building up at the pipe yards along the route with more than 80% of the pipe needed for the Azerbaijan section already stored at Mugan, Kurdamir, Yevlakh, Qazanchi and Dallar pipe yards. The first horizontal directional drilling site at Agsu Canal has been completed and the works are underway for the second drilling at Goychay.
In Georgia, trenching, lowering and lay activities commenced during the first quarter. Mainline construction continued to ramp up with nearly 34km of pipe welded and more than 10km coated. Construction works have continued at both of the compressor stations, with 42% progress at the first and 12% at the second station achieved. Metering station (Area 81) construction works are approximately 26% complete and on track for 2018 completion.