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Country insight – Indonesia

Fast facts

1    Indonesia was the second largest coal producer globally (14 EJ) with coal used for ‎export and increasingly in domestic power generation (66% share)‎

 

2    Indonesia was the largest global biodiesel producer at 126 kboe/d. Biodiesel ‎production increased 2.3% in 2020 while all forms of fossil fuel production fell

 

3    CO2 emissions per unit of GDP fell 11% in 2020, significantly faster than the 0.7% ‎average annual decline over the previous decade

-12%

Change in primary energy ‎consumption in 2020‎

-26%

Decline in oil consumption

+6.3%

Growth in renewables ‎consumption

-13%

Reduction in carbon ‎emissions

At a glance

  • Energy consumption decreased by ‎‎12% in 2020. The largest decline ‎was in oil (-26%) which accounts ‎for 81% of the decline in primary ‎energy, with additional declines in ‎natural gas (-5.7%) and coal ‎(-4.9%).‎
  • Fossil fuels contributed to 93% of ‎Indonesia’s 7.6 EJ primary energy ‎demand, with coal (43%), oil ‎‎(31%) and natural gas (20%) the ‎three dominant sources.‎
  • Coal continued to increase as a ‎fraction of primary energy by ‎displacing oil and natural gas, ‎increasing from 39% in 2019 to ‎‎43% in 2020. ‎
  • The use of renewables increased ‎by 6.3%, led by other renewables ‎‎(5.3%). Together, renewables ‎provided 4.7% of primary energy, ‎up from only 1.6% in 2009.‎
  • Oil consumption fell by 24% to 1.2 ‎Mb/d, its lowest level since 2004.‎
  • Last year electricity generation fell ‎by 1.6%, down relative to the prior ‎‎10-year average growth rate (5.9% ‎pa). ‎
  • The bulk of the decline in ‎electricity generation was in ‎natural gas (-18%) and oil (-36%) ‎with an increase in the use of coal ‎‎(3.4%), hydro (17%), and ‎renewables (13%). ‎
  • Coal (-9.0%), natural gas (-6.8%), ‎and oil (-4.9%) production all ‎decreased in 2020. ‎
  • Net CO2 emissions from energy ‎use fell by 13% in 2020 to levels ‎last seen in 2017.‎
  • CO2 emissions per unit of GDP fell ‎by 11% in 2020, significantly ‎faster than the 0.7% average ‎yearly decline in the previous ‎decade.‎