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Differences between diesel and HVO

HVO is a renewable paraffinic fuel produced from either vegetable or animal sources. When producing HVO, hydrogen is added. The hydrogen combines with the oxygen, which removes water from the fuel. The result is a stable and sustainable fuel. HVO is specified in the CEN (European Committee for Standardization) standard EN 15940 for paraffinic fuels made from synthesis or hydrotreatment.

Differences between diesel and HVO

HVO has a substantially higher cetane number (ignitability) but also a somewhat lower density compared to diesel. This leads to a substantial reduction of particulates (soot) but can also lead to a slight decrease in power and a slight increase in volumetric fuel consumption. HVO is also sulfur-free. HVO should be treated as diesel fuel and it works in exactly the same way when it comes to service and installation. It can be used neat or blended. 

HVO’s benefits

HVO fuel is an emerging synthetic diesel that’s being utilised by many organisations across many industries for its wealth of benefits. It’s also significantly kinder to engines and our planet than mineral diesel.Glastonbury Festival has taken the bold move to run its entire production on HVO in a bid to substantially reduce its environmental impact, and hopes that other enterprises will follow its lead.


Looking further afield, Sweden, Finland and several other European countries have already made HVO available at petrol stations. Finland even introduced excise duty fuel relief to encourage adoption, which has been a huge success. HVO is ushering in a new era of fuels and is key in helping the UK achieve its 2050 net-zero carbon target. 


bp and HVO in the UK

bp has acquired a 30% stake in Green Biofuels Ltd (GBF), the UK’s largest provider of hydrogenated vegetable oil (HVO). GBF’s products are made from renewable feedstocks such as vegetable oils, animal oils and fat.  The product range includes HVO Gd+, a low emission advanced HVO fuel that can be used as a direct drop-in replacement for diesel. bp’s investment will support GBF’s growth as it works with businesses looking to transition away from using traditional diesel fuel in their assets, such as transport vehicles, temporary generators and construction machinery. The investment in GBF will expand bp’s global biofuels portfolio and its lower carbon solutions for UK customers, in line with its strategic aim of growing its bioenergy businesses as it transitions to become an integrated energy company.