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Jet fuel

Jet fuel – or kerosene - is used in all turbine-powered aircraft.
Almost all jet fuels are derived from crude oil in refineries and are manufactured to tightly controlled specifications. Jet fuels typically account for around 6% of total global refinery fuel production
Tail of an aeroplane and Air bp airport vehicle
  • We supply the following jet fuels to commercial and military customers: Jet A-1 conforming to Aviation Fuel Quality Requirements for Jointly Operated Systems (AFQRJOS) and follows stringent Defence Standard 91-091 requirements and ASTM D1655 specifications. 
  • Jet A conforming to ASTM D1655 in the US.
  • No.3 Jet Fuel for China.
  • and other specifications such as TS-1 to other markets. 

How is jet fuel produced?


A complex combination of processes take place at the refinery:


  1. It starts with desalting which removes water and trace salts from crude oil to leave a hydrocarbon product for processing.
  2. Distillation follows which separates the raw materials into various streams defined by their boiling points.
  3. Distillate streams are processed to remove any unwanted components, such as acids, sulphurs and metals.
  4. Heavier crude oil fractions may also be hydrocracked to increase product yield.
  5. Finally, the streams are selectively blended to give the desired product.
  6. Additives are injected to improve fuel performance and stability to meet the different specification requirements.
  7. The freeze point is the main difference between Jet A and Jet A-1 grades. Jet A-1 freezes at less than or equal to -47 C whereas Jet A freezes at less than or equal to -40 C. The performance difference is important for certain routes. When flying from Washington to Tokyo over the polar route, for example, the airline would want to know the freeze point of the fuel to be used. 
How jet fuel is produced chart

How is jet fuel produced?

See also