India’s primary energy consumption rose by 5.4% in 2016 as it remained the third largest energy consumer in the world

Fast facts

  1. India’s share of global primary energy consumption reached 5.5% in 2016.
  2. India’s share of global coal consumption reached 11% in 2016; for the second consecutive year India remained the second largest coal consumer in the world.
  3. India had its largest increase in oil consumption, increasing by 325 Kb/d in 2016; India was the third largest oil consumer in the world (4.6% of the global total).

+5.4% Growth in India energy consumption

5.5% India’s share of global energy consumption

+6.8% Growth in India’s electricity generation

  • Increasing consumption of oil (+7.8%), coal (+3.6%), gas (+9.2%) and renewables in power (+29.2%) outweighed declines in hydro (-3.6%) and nuclear (-1.3%).
  • Oil consumption in 2016 increased by 325 Kb/d, a record high, increasing its share in India’s primary energy consumption for the third successive year (to 29%). Coal remains the dominant fuel, accounting for 57% of India’s energy consumption.
  • India’s gas consumption rose in 2016 after three consecutive years of decline.
  • India’s coal consumption growth fell to nearly half the 10-year average to only 15 mtoe. Despite this, India’s share in global coal consumption rose to 11% in 2016.
  • Renewables in power rose by 29.2% in 2016, its largest increment ever. India is now the 7th largest renewable power generator in the world.
  • Energy intensity (the amount of energy required per unit of GDP) declined by 1.3% in 2016, a slower decline than the 10-year average of 1.6%.
  • Primary energy production grew by 1.7% (+8 mtoe) in 2016, less than half of its 10-year average. Domestic production was sufficient to meet only 56% of domestic consumption.
  • Growth in production of coal (+2.4%) and renewables in power (+29.2%) more than outweighed declines in oil (-2.3%), hydro (-3.6%), gas (-6.0%) and nuclear (-1.3%).
  • Growth in India’s refining capacity and throughput were the largest in the world, contributing 72% to the net growth in global refining capacity and 57% of global throughput growth.
  • Gas production declined by 6% in 2016, its sixth consecutive year of decline, taking it 21 Bcm below the peak of 49 Bcm in 2010.
  • Within renewables, the largest growth in volume terms was in wind (+36.5%), followed by solar (+81.3%) while biomass declined (-5.3%).
  • India’s crude oil imports rose by 370 Kb/d to 4.3 Mb/d, the highest level ever. Natural gas imports rose by 5.7 Bcm to 21.7 Bcm.

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