1 Economic recovery post-Covid saw GDP increase by 8.8%
2 Coal was the fastest-growing fuel, at 8.1% above its pre-pandemic level
3 The share of renewables (excluding hydro) in power reached 10% for the first time
Increase in India’s primary energy consumption
Increase in carbon emissions
Increase in oil consumption
Increase in renewable primary energy
At a glance
Primary energy consumption increased from 32 to 35 EJ – a 10% annual increase.
The combined share of energy consumption from oil, gas and coal stood at 90%, similar to its pre-pandemic level.
Coal was the fastest-growing fuel, increasing 16%, and 8% above its 2019 level.
The share of coal in primary energy was 57%, compared to 24% at a global level; India accounts for 12.5% of global coal consumption.
India was the second-largest producer of coal in the world (behind China).
Natural gas consumption increased to 62 bcm (a 3.1% increase). However, the share of natural gas in primary energy decreased from 6.8% to 6.3%.
Natural gas production increased by 20% to 29 bcm, still below the peak of 47 bcm in 2010. LNG imports decreased by 8.1% to 33.6 bcm, with Qatar providing the largest share (41%).
Renewables grew by 13.2%, but their share of primary energy increased only by 0.1 percentage points to 5%.
India installed 10.3 GW of solar and 1.5 GW of onshore wind, with the solar additions being a record amount for India. The total installed capacity at the end of 2021 amounts to 49.3 GW for solar and 40.1 GW for onshore wind.
Total electricity generation increased from 1,563 TWh to 1,715 TWh, an increase of 10%. Coal’s share in power generation increased from 72% in 2019 to 74%. Renewables (excluding hydro) generation increased from 152 to 172 TWh, reaching the 10% share threshold for the first time, and surpassing hydro.
Indian biofuels production went from 23 to 37 kboe/d, an increase of 60%; biofuel consumption increased from 36 to 43 kboe/d, so India’s reliance on biofuels imports decreased.
CO2 emissions from energy use increased by 12% to over 2.5 Gt, exceeding its pre-pandemic level.