The US remained the world’s largest producer of both oil and natural gas, despite declining production of both fuels in 2016
- In 2016 US domestic production was sufficient to meet 87% of domestic consumption, declining from 91% in 2015.
- In 2016 US renewables in power increased by 16.9%, but the US dropped to the world’s second largest consumer, after China.
- US CO2 emissions from energy use declined by 2.0% in 2016, faster than the 10-year average decline of 1.1%.
-0.4% Decline in US energy consumption
17.1% US share of global energy consumption
-0.4 Mb/d Decline in US oil production
- Declining consumption of coal (-8.8%) outweighed increases in renewables (+16.9%), oil (+0.5%), natural gas (+0.5%), hydro (+5.9%), and nuclear (+0.7%).
- Oil remained the dominant fuel, accounting for 38% of US energy consumption. Oil consumption increased by 100 Kb/d in 2016, the smallest increase since 2012, but higher than the 10-year average (-130 Kb/d).
- Natural gas consumption (32% of US consumption) increased by just 0.3 Bcf/d in 2016 to 75.1 Bcf/d, less than the 10-year average growth of 1.4 Bcf/d. The US remained the world’s largest consumer of natural gas (22% of global consumption).
- Coal consumption (16% of US consumption) declined by 33.4 mtoe in 2016 to 358.4 mtoe, the lowest level since 1978.
- Renewables in power (4% of US consumption) increased by 12.3 mtoe in 2016. Hydro (3% of US consumption) increased in 2016 for the first time since 2011. Nuclear (8% of US consumption) increased by 1.9 mtoe, well above the 10-year average of 0.4 mtoe.
- Primary energy production declined by 5.2% in 2016, well below the 10-year average of 2.4%.
- Declining production of oil (-4.2%), gas (-2.5%) and coal (-19.0%), outweighed increases in renewables in power (+16.9%), hydro (+5.9%), nuclear (+0.7%) and biofuels (+5.4%).
- US oil production declined for the first time since 2008, falling by 0.4 Mb/d to 12.4 Mb/d in 2016, the largest decline in the world in volume terms in 2016.
- US natural gas production declined by 1.8 Bcf/d to 72.3 Bcf/d in 2016, the first annual decline since 2005. However, the US still remained the world’s largest producer of natural gas (21% of the world total).
- US coal production declined by 84.5 mtoe to 364.8 mtoe, the lowest level in our database going back to 1981.
- Energy intensity (the amount of energy required per unit of GDP) declined by 2.0% in 2016, the same as the 10-year average.