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Oil, gas and coal trade

What happened to the energy system in 2021 and why does it matter?

Russia accounted for 20-40% of the EU’s oil, gas, and coal consumption in 2021

Russian natural gas imports via pipeline and LNG accounted for almost 40% of total EU natural gas consumption in 2021.


Russian oil imports made up 25% of total EU oil imports.


Russian coal imports contributed 20% of total EU coal energy consumption in 2021.