1. Home
  2. News and insights
  3. Reimagining energy
  4. Future of transport

The future of transport

Transport’s dual challenge: how can we keep the world moving while reducing emissions?

Advancing cleaner transport

For more than a century, BP has helped keep the world moving. But technology, consumer behaviour and regulation are fundamentally changing the way that people and goods move around.


At the same time, society faces a dual challenge – how to deliver more of the energy needed as demand grows, while dramatically reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.


The scale of the challenge means that opportunities need to be considered to decarbonize transport – thereby advancing cleaner transport. Today’s transportation accounts for around a quarter of carbon emissions and BP’s analysis suggests that, if recent trends continue, the number of cars on roads could nearly double in the next two decades, rising to almost two billion.


Electric vehicles – a growing part of the solution 

Electric vehicles will play a role in lowering GHG from transport and improving air quality. At BP, we are working hard to bring electrification to our customers. That’s why we’re investing in new forms of infrastructure and technology such as ultra-fast charging.  We now provide a network of 7,000 charging points across the UK, and we recently started the roll out of  ultra-fast chargers on our forecourt network.


Energy illustrated: electric cars

Electrification is just one of the ways in which we can keep the world moving while reducing emissions. There are other options too, including greater efficiency in conventional engines, biofuels and advanced fuels.

These options can play an important role in tackling emissions from cars in the short to medium term while some of the stumbling blocks to EV ownership are overcome. BP’s Energy Outlook suggests that at least half of Europe’s cars and more than two thirds of the world’s could still have internal combustion engines (ICE) by 2040. What’s more, based on recent trends, oil could still power the majority of passenger transport. 

There is no single answer

If the world is to meet the dual challenge, decarbonizing the transport system cannot be a race to a single mobility solution.

The European Commission in its recent long-term climate strategy recognised that “electrification using renewables alone will not be the single silver bullet for all transport modes”; and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change highlights the important role that biofuels and other alternative fuels such as hydrogen and e-fuels could play, in some scenarios providing over 50% of transport energy by 2050.

So, the world needs to embrace new engines, new fuels and new technologies and we need investment and policies that support their development. 

At BP,  we believe that means:


  • Technology-neutral policies towards lowering transport emissions.
  • Support for sustainable biofuels.
  • Easy access to ultra-fast charging, which will help address concerns over range and provide a solution for those that cannot charge at home, enabling mass adoption. 
  • A regulatory framework that encourages emissions reductions throughout the transport system, including greater recognition of the benefits of new, more advanced fuels and lubricants.
  • Recognizing that natural gas offers an additional way to decarbonize some forms of transport, such as heavy goods and marine vehicles, where it can offer some GHG reductions when replacing traditional liquid fuels.  In addition, natural gas can be mixed or replaced with biogas to achieve greater emissions reductions by introducing renewable energy sources into these transport modes.
BP is active across many of these areas, using its global scale, experience and partnerships to play a leading role. The mobility revolution is underway and, by working together with industry, governments and consumers, we can help the world keep advancing. After all, we want to be the transport energy provider of choice for another century, regardless of how the vehicle is powered.
Follow these links to find out what we're doing: