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Hydrogen is abundant and it’s key to fuelling heavy industry in a net zero world

We believe hydrogen will play a vital role in a net zero energy system. When pure hydrogen is used as fuel, it combines with oxygen to produce water, emitting no CO2. If we can decarbonize its production, it becomes a great energy choice for industries that are hard to abate, such as, iron, steel and chemicals. And for heavy transport – trucks, ships and aircraft – which needs fuels that can manage the load while fitting into a small space on board. 

bp is putting plans in place today to bring low carbon hydrogen into service where it really counts, close to industrial clusters. 


We’re in action now to grow our hydrogen business, developing more than 10 projects across Europe, the US and Australia. By 2030, we aim to produce 0.5-0.7 million tonnes of low carbon hydrogen per year. 

Felipe Arbelaez, SVP, hydrogen and CCUS
“By 2050, in a net zero energy system, hydrogen’s share in global energy demand could approach what natural gas has today.” Felipe Arbelaez, SVP, hydrogen and CCS

bp is backing low carbon hydrogen – a key enabler to decarbonize hard-to-abate industry

A storage tank at Castellón refineryA storage tank at Castellón refinery

bp’s hydrogen pipeline

bp has a global project pipeline of 2.8 million tonnes per annum of hydrogen production capacity

Whiting refinery in the USWhiting refinery in the US

Developing projects

Developing more than 10 projects across Europe, the US and Australia

Australian Renewable Energy Hub

Project spotlight

At full scale, the AREH could produce 1.6 million tonnes of green hydrogen a year for the domestic market and export

Teesside industrial site in the UKTeesside industrial site in the UK

HyGreen Teesside & H2Teesside

Project spotlight

The two projects aim to produce up to 500MW of green hydrogen and 1GW of blue hydrogen by 2030 – enough to meet 15% of the UK government’s hydrogen target

Castellón refineryCastellón refinery


Project spotlight

By 2030, HyVal aims to develop up to 2GW of electrolysis capacity at bp’s Castellón refinery for the production of green hydrogen

Heavy-duty trucks on a highwayHeavy-duty trucks on a highway

2030 aim

bp aims to deliver 0.5-0.7 million tonnes per annum of low carbon hydrogen production (net) by 2030

Where is bp investing in hydrogen? From local, to regional, to global

Initially we plan to supply our own refineries – decarbonizing our own operations – as well as selling to local third parties, before ramping up production to turn these into regional hubs. These hubs will provide low carbon energy solutions for customers, particularly in hard-to-abate industrial sectors and heavy transport where hydrogen can have the most impact. 

As markets evolve, we plan to invest in building global export hubs for hydrogen, and for hydrogen derivatives, such as ammonia. Here, our experience of moving gas through pipelines, integrating renewables into our portfolio and transporting LNG on water will accelerate our route to market for hydrogen and ammonia.


Find out more about our distinctive trading & shipping capability.

Regional energy hubs in the making

not or.

The world's transition to a more secure, more affordable, lower carbon energy system needs massive investment in lower carbon energies AND continued investment in oil and gas as the alternatives grow. We're transforming bp to play our part – discover more below

Our transformation

What’s the difference between blue and green hydrogen?

  • Green hydrogen, commonly defined as electrolytic low carbon hydrogen, is made by water electrolysis using renewables, such as solar or wind.
  • Blue hydrogen, or CCS-enabled low carbon hydrogen, is hydrogen that is extracted from natural gas but the vast majority of CO2 produced during the process is captured and stored permanently underground.

Why is bp investing in both blue and green hydrogen?

We believe a twin-track approach, involving both electrolytic (green) and CCS-enabled (blue) hydrogen, is the best way to help fulfil hydrogen’s potential. This approach aligns with bp’s Net Zero Scenario within our Energy Outlook, which forecasts that virtually all hydrogen will be either electrolytic (around 70%) or CCS-enabled (around 30%) by 2050. 


Significant challenges need to be overcome to establish the industry. Electrolysers need to be built and supplied with renewable energy. A pipeline network needs to be established to move the molecule. Technology and infrastructure need to be developed to transport hydrogen by sea. And production needs to scale quickly to bring down the cost of low carbon hydrogen.  


CCS-enabled hydrogen represents an important stepping-stone to scaling up the hydrogen economy. That’s because it enables the near-term development of large-scale hydrogen projects that can make an immediate impact on emissions, and at lower cost than a green hydrogen project of a similar scale. 


While additional renewable energy and large-scale electrolyser technology is being developed to generate electrolytic hydrogen at scale, low carbon CCS-enabled hydrogen will play an important role in allowing industries to decarbonize. CCS-enabled hydrogen complements the intermittent renewable power that drives electrolytic hydrogen. That’s why we’re calling for policy and financial support for both low carbon hydrogen technologies.

Hydrogen news and stories

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