Sangachal terminal

Read about the large onshore hub where offshore oil and gas is processed prior to export.

Sangachal terminal

Key facts

  • Area:542 hectares
  • Location:55 km south of Baku in Garadakh district
  • Processing capacity: 1.2 million barrels of oil per day and 49.3 mmscm of gas per day
  • Maximum storage capacity: about 4 million barrels
  • Working storage capacity: about 3.2 million barrels
Located 55km south of Baku, the Sangachal terminal is a vital link in Azerbaijan’s oil and gas industry. It is an oil and gas terminal that receives, processes, stores and exports crude oil and gas produced from  all currently operated BP assets in the Caspian basin and  has room for expansion. The terminal includes oil and gas processing facilities, the first pump station for the Baku Tbilisi Ceyhan (BTC) oil pipeline and South Caucasus gas pipeline (SCP) compressor and other facilities. 

The oil and gas from the offshore fields flow through the subsea pipelines  into the terminal and they stretch across the entire length of the terminal. There are eight different pipelines entering the terminal from offshore locations and eight leaving it. They head off in different directions carrying premium quality Azerbaijani crude oil and gas to the world markets. In addition, the terminal receives third party oil from Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.

Sangachal terminal covers an area of about 550 hectares, which makes it one of the world's largest oil and gas terminals, and consists of two main parts: the Early Oil Project (EOP) and Sangachal Terminal Expansion Programme (STEP). 

EOP part of the  terminal has been constructed to process, store and export oil from the Chirag offshore field in the Caspian (the so-called Early Oil Project). This part of the  terminal houses 4 crude oil storage tanks - 25,500 barrels each and can process, store and export in excess of 6 million tonnes of crude oil per year.

STEP is the part of the terminal which has been expanded to receive, store and process oil from Azeri and Deepwater Gunashli sections of the Azeri-Chirag-Guneshli field and gas from the Shah Deniz field. It houses a number of facilities including 3 crude oil storage tanks with 880,000 barrels capacity each, ACG oil processing facilities, or trains.
Sangachal terminal also hosts two critical facilities for the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline: the head pump station and the control room. The latter monitors the entire pipeline and can detect problems and isolate the necessary pipeline sections across all three countries or shut down the plant in case of emergency. 

BP is the operator of the terminal.

During the year, the Sangachal terminal exported about 284 million barrels of oil. This included around 255 million barrels through Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC), about 28 million barrels through the Western Route Export Pipeline (WREP), and 1.3 million barrels via a separate condensate export line.

Gas is exported via the South Caucasus Pipeline (SCP) and via SOCAR gas pipelines connecting the Terminal’s gas processing facilities with Azerigas’s national grid system. 

On average, about 28.4 million standard cubic metres (more than 1003 million standard cubic feet) of Shah Deniz gas was exported from the Terminal daily in 2018.

Sangachal terminal expansion

As part of Shah Deniz Stage 2, Sangachal terminal  undergoes a major expansion. This will allow it to process an additional 16 billion cubic metres of gas per year, almost tripling the overall gas processing capacity and further increasing the importance of the terminal to regional oil and gas industry. 

You can watch the video on Sangachal terminal expansion

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